Retinal disease is one of the leading causes of vision loss. The retina can be affected by various kinds of problems and the treatment varies, depending upon the nature of the problem. A retina specialist is an ophthalmologist who has received special training in conditions that involve the vitreous body and retina of the eye. A retina specialist treats a wide range of eye conditions, dealing with both adults and children. The services of a vitreoretinal specialist may be recommended to a patient with an eye condition that cannot be cared for by a general ophthalmologist.